Additional Effects of Platelet-Rich Fibrin on Bone Regeneration in Sinus Augmentation With Deproteinized Bovine Bone Mineral: Preliminary Results

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Abstract

Purpose:

Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) has been reported to contribute to bone regeneration; however, little is known about details with deproteinized bovine bone mineral (DBBM). This study aims to evaluate additional effects of PRF on bone regeneration in sinus augmentation with DBBM.

Materials and Methods:

Sinus augmentations were made with DBBM/PRF mixture as lateral approach for 4 sinuses from 4 patients. Bone biopsies were obtained from posterior maxilla at the implant placements 7 or 10 months after sinus augmentations. Histological observations and histomorphometric analyses from augmented areas were performed.

Results:

The new bone formation was found around the DBBMs with very good contact while surfaces of DBBMs were partly resorbed. Osteoclasts recognized the DBBMs for remodeling, followed by new bone running. The histomorphometric analyses revealed that mean percentages of newly formed bone were 31.7 ± 1.2%, 21.0 ± 1.0%, 38.0 ± 0.6%, and 47.0 ± 0.6%, respectively (mean 34.5 ± 5.7%).

Conclusions:

Additional effects of PRF could be found because of higher percentages of newly bone formation by DBBM/PRF mixture than those by DBBM individual in previous reports.

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