The study focused on the influence of screwdriver design in combination with and without predrilling a pilot hole of inner implant diameter on insertion torque of orthodontic mini-implants, controlling for cortical thickness and vertical insertion force as cofactors.Methods:
One hundred twenty mini-implants (Forestadent) of 1.7 mm in diameter and 6 and 8 mm in length were manually inserted into 120 swine rib bone samples. Maximal insertion torque as a measure of primary stability and vertical force were measured. The study included procedures with and without pilot hole and different screwdriver handles and shaft length and 2 implant lengths.Results:
Design of manual screwdriver does not modify insertion torque to a significant extent. In multiple linear regression model, significant predictors of insertion torque are thicker cortical bone (explaining 16.6% of variability), higher vertical force at maximal torque (13.5%), 6-mm implant length (2.5%), and the presence of pilot hole (2.3%).Conclusions:
Handle type and shaft length of manual screwdriver do not significantly influence insertion torque, whereas predrilling a pilot hole has low impact on torque values of manually inserted self-drilling orthodontic mini-implants.