This study aimed to perform a systematic review of the effectiveness of nonsurgical treatment associated with different adjuvant therapies on periimplantitis.Materials and Methods:
Different individuals, following a research process, performed a network research of controlled and randomized controlled clinical trials on PubMed, Embase/MEDLINE, with 20 years' time constraint and the last search in January 2016.Results:
From 108 articles found by the first search, they analyzed 10 full texts, and in none did they find a standard control group. When compared, mechanical therapies combined with adjuvant therapy decreased prevalence of periimplant ratios; however, some groups showed unsatisfactory results, mainly related to the probing depth and bleeding index. When comparing debridement with other nonsurgical therapies (Er:YAG, Vector, air abrasive with amino acid glycine powder), increased periimplant levels were noticed in the test and control groups, although in different periods.Conclusion:
Despite the improvement in the periimplant indices, there is no sufficient evidence to score the best results or even to choose the best association for nonsurgical treatment of periimplantitis; hence, more trials are necessary to answer this question.