miR-27b-3p Suppressed Osteogenic Differentiation of Maxillary Sinus Membrane Stem Cells by Targeting Sp7

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Objective:To explore the critical role and function of miRNAs in the regulation of development and physiology of maxillary sinus membrane stem cell (MSMSC) osteogenesis.Methods:Microarray analysis was performed to screen the miRNAs expression profiles during the process of MSMSC osteogenic differentiation. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was applied to verify the miRNAs expression profiles. Gain- and loss-of-function experiments were used to demonstrate that miR-27b-3p inhibited MSMSC osteoblastic differentiation. Bioinformatic analysis was performed to predict the potential target of miR-27b-3p and then demonstrated by luciferase reporter assay and western blot. The negative regulation between miR-27b-3p and Sp7 was further confirmed using mimic and inhibitor of miR-27b-3p in vitro. Xenograft mice model was generated to confirm the relationship between miR-27b-3p and Sp7 using recombinant adenoviruses in vivo.Results:MiR-27b-3p was downregulated during osteogenic differentiation of MSMSCs. The expression of Sp7, alkaline phosphatase, and osteocalcin decreased when transfected with miR-27b-3p-mimic in MSMSCs after osteogenic differentiation. MiR-27b-3p directly targeted Sp7 and inhibited the MSMSC osteogenesis in vivo.Conclusion:MiR-27b-3p suppressed the osteogenic differentiation of MSMSCs by directly inhibiting Sp7.

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