Multiple Perforations of the Sinus Floor During Maxillary Sinus Floor Augmentation to Provide Access to the Bone Marrow Space: A Technical Report

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Introduction:Sinus floor augmentation is a routinely used surgical technique for increasing the bone height/volume of the atrophic posterior maxilla. Optimal integration of the implanted augmentation material within the newly formed bone will—at least partly—depend on adequate vascularization to ensure sufficient recruitment of osteoblast and osteoclast precursor cells.Methods:The present technical note describes a modification intended to facilitate increased blood inflow into the augmented space. After preparation of the lateral window and elevation of the Schneiderian membrane, the cortical bone of the sinus floor is perforated several times either by using a piezoelectric device or a microsurgical handpiece with the corresponding tip or bur; these perforations should extend into the trabecular bone.Results and Conclusion:The experiences with this modified technique after 12 patients are presented and discussed. It is expected that by means of this relatively simple technique, increased blood and cell inflow into the augmented space is achieved. This may, in turn, enhance new bone formation and improve the integration of the augmentation material.

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