Radiological Evaluation of the Dimensions of Lower Molar Alveoli

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Abstract

Purpose:

The aim of the present radiological study was to analyze the alveolar bone morphology of the lower molars in physiological conditions. The main goal is to describe the bone anatomy of a hypothetically postextractive site in lower molar area.

Materials and Methods:

Computed tomography scans of 100 patients were examined. Axial, paraxial, and Panorex sections were analyzed using a dedicated software. Precise reference points were encoded to make the bone measurements clear and repeatable.

Results:

The total number of dental sites examined was 235. The mean available bone height was 13.32 ± 3.23 mm in first molars and 11.76 ± 2.82 mm in second molars. The inter-radicular septum was present in 86% out of cases in first molar sites and in 52% in second molar sites. The lingual cortex mean width, at the most coronal point, measured 1.41 ± 0.52 mm in first molar alveoli and 1.67 ± 0.66 mm in second molar alveoli.

Conclusions:

Proper clinical conditions, for scheduling a postextraction immediate implant placement surgery, involve the presence of 4 bone walls showing and sufficient height and width. The accurate knowledge of alveolus bone morphology of mandibular molars, prior extraction, could be an important guide to avoid potential failures due to nonideal anatomical features to fixture stabilization.

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