Pattern of Antibiotic Prescription for Oral Implant Treatment Among Dentists in Saudi Arabia

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Abstract

Objective:

To investigate antibiotic prophylaxis prescription behavior among dentists practicing dental implant surgery in Saudi Arabia.

Materials and Methods:

An observational questionnaire study was conducted in the period between October 2016 and December 2016. A link to an online previously validated questionnaire was sent to a convenience sample of dentists practicing dental implant placement in the different areas of Saudi Arabia. Absolute frequencies were used to describe the data.

Results:

One hundred nine completed questionnaires were received. A total of 59.63% (n = 65) of the respondents routinely prescribed prophylactic antibiotics when performing implant surgery. There was a wide variation in the preoperative and postoperative prescription regimens with the majority (67%) starting the antibiotic immediately postoperatively for 3 to 5 days, with no preoperative antibiotic use. Amoxicillin and clavulanic acid combination was the drug of choice for 50.3% of the respondents, whereas 26.6% prescribed amoxicillin as the drug of choice.

Conclusion:

Although a small study with a low response rate, a wide variation in antibiotic prescribing patterns with respect to the drugs chosen, timing, and duration was found in implant surgery in Saudi Arabia. Dentists should be aware of the risk of antibiotic overuse and start to share in the efforts that aim to reserve the antibiotics to combat life-threatening infections and to reduce development of bacterial resistance to the available antibiotics.

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