Influence of Cross-Section Design and Vertical Misfit on Stress Distribution in Overdenture Retaining System: 3-Dimensional Finite Element Analysis

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Abstract

Purpose:

To evaluate by 3-dimensional (3-D) finite element analysis the stress generated on overdenture-retaining bar system with different cross sections (round, ovoid, or Hader) and misfit levels (50, 100, and 200 μm) manufactured with different metallic alloys (Au type IV, Ag-Pd, Ti cp, and Co-Cr).

Materials and Methods:

Three-dimensional finite element models were modeled using specific 3-D software (SolidWorks) and imported into mechanical simulation software (ANSYS). A displacement simulating the settlement of the screw was performed until the infrastructure was settled properly on the prosthetic platform.

Results:

Higher misfit levels caused higher stress on the overdenture-retaining bar system components, where (1) Hader bar presented the highest values (bar = 730.71; screw = 59.66, and periimplant bone tissue = 42.96, in megapascal) and (2) round bars made with type IV Au alloy presented lower stress values on the bar framework (193.99 MPa) and screw (10.27 MPa).

Conclusions:

Higher vertical misfit increased the stress values on the overdenture-retaining bar system; complex cross-sectional designs increased stress values on the bar framework, prosthetic screw, and periimplant bone tissue; stiffer alloys caused higher stress values on all the studied conditions.

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