Interleukin-5 regulates genes involved in B-cell terminal maturation

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Abstract

Summary

Interleukin (IL)-5 induces CD38-activated splenic B cells to differentiate into immunoglobulin M-secreting cells and undergo μ to γ1 class switch recombination (CSR) at the DNA level, resulting in immunoglobulin G1 (IgG1) production. Interestingly, IL-4, a well-known IgG1-inducing factor does not induce immunoglobulin production or μ to γ1 CSR in CD38-activated B cells. In the present study, we implemented complementary DNA microarrays to investigate the contribution of IL-5-induced gene expression in CD38-stimulated B cells to immunoglobulin-secreting cell differentiation and μ to γ1 CSR. IL-5 and IL-4 stimulation of CD38-activated B cells induced the expression of 418 and 289 genes, respectively, that consisted of several clusters. Surprisingly, IL-5-inducible 78 genes were redundantly regulated by IL-4. IL-5 and IL-4 also suppressed the gene expression of 319 and 325 genes, respectively, 97 of which were overlapped. Genes critically regulated by IL-5 include immunoglobulin-related genes such as J chain and immunoglobulinκ, and genes involved in B-cell maturation such as BCL6, activation-induced cytidine deaminase (Aid) and B lymphocyte-induced maturation protein-1 (Blimp-1) and tend to be induced slowly after IL-5 stimulation. Intriguingly, among genes, the retroviral induction of Blimp-1 and Aid in CD38-activated B cells could induce IL-4-dependent maturation to Syndecan-1+ antibody-secreting cells and μ to γ1 CSR, respectively, in CD38-activated B cells. Taken together, preferential Aid and Blimp-1 expression plays a critical role in IL-5-induced immunoglobulin-secreting cell differentiation and μ to γ1 CSR in CD38-activated B cells.

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