Psoriasis is a chronic autoinflammatory skin disease. Although interleukin-17, derived from lymphocytes, has been shown to be critical in psoriasis, the initiation and maintenance of chronic skin inflammation has not been well understood. IL-25 (also called IL-17E), another IL-17 family cytokine, is well known to regulate allergic responses and type 2 immunity. Here we have shown that IL-25, also highly expressed in the lesional skin of psoriasis patients, was regulated by IL-17 in murine skin of a imiquimod (IMQ)-induced psoriasis model. IL-25 injection induced skin inflammation, whereas germline or keratinocyte-specific deletion of IL-25 caused resistance to IMQ-induced psoriasis. Via IL-17RB expression in keratinocytes, IL-25 stimulated the proliferation of keratinocytes and induced the production of inflammatory cytokines and chemokines, via activation of the STAT3 transcription factor. Thus, our data demonstrate that an IL-17-induced autoregulatory circuit in keratinocytes is mediated by IL-25 and suggest that this circuit could be targeted in the treatment of psoriasis patients.In Brief
The inflammatory mechanism of psoriasis remains incompletely understood. In this issue, Xu et al. identified IL-25 as a key pathogenic factor regulating the proliferation of keratinocytes and psoriasis development in an autocrine expression manner.