Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices Regarding Contact Precautions Among Iranian Physicians

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To assess the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of Iranian physicians regarding contact isolation precautions.

DESIGN

Data were collected between May and November 2002 using a cross-sectional survey design.

SETTING

Teaching hospitals in Shiraz, Iran.

PARTICIPANTS

A total of 155 physicians: 78 attending clinicians and 77 resident physician surgeons or internists.

RESULTS

The mean scores for knowledge and attitude were acceptable, with 71% of physicians scoring the maximum for knowledge and 65% achieving the maximum scores for attitude, whereas the mean score for practice was low, with only 26% achieving the maximum score. A good level of knowledge be associated with a good attitude (odds ratio [OR], 68.4 [95% confidence interval {CI}, 20.0–285.6]; P < .001), good practices were associated with good knowledge (OR, 22.5 [95% CI, 7.1–91.3]; P < .001), and a good attitude was associated with good practice (OR, 20.0 [95% CI, 5.7–105.2]; P < .001).

CONCLUSION

Although strong associations were found among knowledge, attitude, and practice, the level of compliance with precautions was not nearly as high as it should be.

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