Gentamicin-Susceptible or Gentamicin-Resistant Methicillin-Resistant : A Case-Case StudyStaphylococcus aureus: A Case-Case Study

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Abstract

Gentamicin-susceptible methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (GS-MRSA) strains are replacing gentamicin-resistant MRSA (GR-MRSA) strains. We showed that exposure to other patients harboring GS-MRSA was the major risk factor for GS-MRSA acquisition, and that antimicrobial exposure, especially to β-lactams, was strongly associated with acquisition of GR-MRSA but not GS-MRSA. Gentamicin use was significantly associated with GR-MRSA acquisition in univariate analysis only.

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