IL-17 Producing γδ T Cells are Required for a Controlled Inflammatory Response after Bleomycin-induced Lung Injury

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Background

γδ T cells play a key role in the regulation of inflammatory responses in epithelial tissue, and in adaptive immunity, as γδ T cell deficient mice have a severely impaired capacity to clear lung pathogens. γδ T cells regulate the initial inflammatory response to microbial invasion and thereby protect against tissue injury. Here we examined the response of γδ T cells to lung injury induced by bleomycin, in an effort to study the inflammatory response in the absence of any adaptive immune response to a pathogen.

Results

After lung injury by bleomycin, we localized the γδ T cells to the lung lesions. γδ T cells were the predominant source of IL-17 (as detected by flow cytometry and real-time PCR). Moreover, γδ T cell knockout mice showed a significant reduction in cellular infiltration into the airways, reduced expression of IL-6 in the lung, and a significant delay in epithelial repair.

Conclusion

Mouse γδ T cells produce IL-17 in response to lung injury and are required for an organized inflammatory response and epithelial repair. The lack of γδ T cells correlates with increased inflammation and fibrosis.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles