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A decreased expression of the β2-integrin CD11b molecules on peripheral neutrophils from patients with pustular psoriasis occurred during treatment with retinoid compounds. Since this effect could not be mimicked in vitro with isolated peripheral neutrophils, the effect of retinoid compounds on cell differentiation was investigated. The promyelocytic cell line, HL60, was used to study what effect different retinoid compounds had on the cell surface expression of CD11b and L-selectin (CD62L) molecules, complement-mediated phagocytosis, adhesion and the oxidative burst. Retinoid-differentiated cells showed a significantly lower expression of CD11b and CD62L, and a decreased phagocytosis and oxidative burst compared to DMSO-differentiated HL60 cells or peripheral blood neutrophils. The diminished expression of β2-integrins or L-selectin did not affect their adhesion to non-activated or lipopolysaccharide-activated endothelial cells in vitro but may however affect adhesion to vascular endothelium under shear forces during blood flow. These results suggest that retinoid treatment could affect several early steps in the inflammatory process.