Effects of small molecule inhibitors of PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling on neuroblastoma growthin vitroandin vivo

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Activation of the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway is correlated with poor prognosis in neuroblastoma, the most common and deadly extracranial tumor of childhood. In this study, we show that the small-molecule inhibitors of phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase-1 (PDK1) OSU03012 and the dual class I PI3K/mTOR inhibitor PI103 have profound effects on neuroblastoma survivalin vitroandin vivo. Both OSU03012 and PI103 inhibited neuroblastoma growthin vitro. In treated cells, OSU03012 induced apoptosis and an S phase cell cycle arrest, whereas only minor apoptosis was detected in PI103 treated cells together with a G1 arrest. Both OSU03012 and PI103 downregulated phosphorylation of Akt and inhibited the downstream targets glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK3β) and p70 S6 kinase-1 (S6K1), as well as downregulated the expression of cyclin D1 and Mycn protein. Neuroblastoma cells expressing high levels of Mycn were more sensitive to OSU03012 or PI103 compared with cells expressing low Mycn levels. Both compounds significantly inhibited the growth of established, subcutaneousMYCN-amplified neuroblastoma xenografts in nude NMRInu/numice. These results suggest that inhibition of the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway represent a clinical relevant target for the treatment of patients with high-riskMYCN-amplified neuroblastoma.

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