The first genome-wide association study (GWAS) for bladder cancer has identified a susceptibility locus at 3q28 in the European ancestry. However, the causal variant at 3q28 remains unknown. We conducted a three-stage fine mapping study to identify potential causal variants in the region. A total of 41 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) across 120 kb at 3q28 were tested for association with bladder cancer risk among 3,094 bladder cancer cases and 3,738 controls. Resequencing and functional assays were further evaluated. The SNP rs35592567 in the 3′-UTR of TP63 was consistently associated with bladder cancer risk in all three stages. In the combined analysis, the T allele of rs35592567 was significantly associated with a decreased risk for bladder cancer (OR=0.82, 95% CI=0.75–0.90, P=9.797 × 10−6 in the additive model). Biochemical assays revealed that the T allele reduced the post-transcriptional levels of TP63 mediated by interfering binding efficiency of miR-140-5p. In addition, overexpression of miR-140-5p inhibited bladder cancer cell proliferation and attenuated cell migration, invasion and G1 cell-cycle arrest. Together, these results suggest that rs35592567 in TP63 may be a novel causal variant contributing to the susceptibility to bladder cancer, which provides additional insight into the pathogenesis of bladder carcinogenesis.What's new?
Cigarette smoke and occupational exposures are two well-established risk factors for bladder cancer development, but genetic factors may also play important roles. While the first genome-wide association study for bladder cancer has identified a susceptibility locus at 3q28 in the European ancestry, the causal variant remains unknown. Here, using a three-stage fine mapping study, the authors identified a novel causal variant in the region, rs35592567 residing in the 3′-untranslated region of TP63, that may contribute to the susceptibility to bladder cancer. This study provides additional insight into the pathogenesis of bladder carcinogenesis together with a new clue for future prevention.