Compositions and antioxidant properties of protein hydrolysates prepared from four carp skins: black carp, grass carp, silver carp and bighead carp, using pepsin, with a degree of hydrolysis (DH) of 6–15%, were investigated. The yield of freeze-dried hydrolysates was in the range of 54–62 g/100 g (dry skin). The content of protein and ash in four freeze-dried hydrolysates was 72–81% and 8–17%, respectively. All hydrolysates contained high amount of hydrophobic amino acid residues (389–480 residues/1000 residues). Meanwhile, their antioxidant properties were evaluated by in vitro assays. The results revealed that all hydrolysates possessed potent antioxidant activities and showed dose dependency as the activity increased with sample concentration, capable of scavenging 72–88% of DPPH and 61–69% of hydroxyl radicals, respectively, at the highest tested concentration. The hydrolysates exhibited high reducing power and β-carotene–linoleic acid oxidation inhibition. Among the four hydrolysates, the hydrolysate derived from bighead carp skin was superior to others in terms of yield, DH and antioxidant activities.
This paper describes the amino acid compositions and antioxidant activities of protein hydrolysates prepared from four fish skin. Among the four hydrolysates, the hydrolysate derived from bighead carp skin was superior to others in terms of yield, DH and antioxidant activities.