Thein vivotransformation and pharmacokinetic properties of a liquid crystalline drug delivery system

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A liquid crystalline (LC) system, composed of phosphatidylcholine, sorbitan monoleate, and tocopherol acetate, was investigated to understand the in vivo transformation after subcutaneous injection, coupled with the physicochemical and pharmacokinetic properties of the formulation. The rat model was utilized to monitor a pseudo-time course transformation from a precursor LC formulation to the LC matrix, coupled with the blood concentration profiles of the formulations containing leuprolide acetate. Three formulations that result in the HII phase, demonstrating dissimilar in vitro release profiles, were used. The formulation showing the highest AUC, Cmax and Tmax, also displayed the greatest release rate in vitro, the lowest viscosity (LC matrix), and an earlier transformation (LC precursor to matrix) in vivo. A potential link between viscosity, phase transformation, and drug release properties of a liquid crystalline system is described.Graphical abstract

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