Hot melt extrusion of ion-exchange resin for taste masking

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Graphical abstractTaste masking is important for some unpleasant tasting bioactives in oral dosage forms. Among many methods available for taste-masking, use of ion-exchange resin (IER) holds promise. IER combined with hot melt extrusion (HME) may offer additional advantages over solvent methods. IER provides taste masking by complexing with the drug ions and preventing drug dissolution in the mouth. Drug-IER complexation approaches described in literatures are mainly based either on batch processing or column eluting. These methods of drug-IER complexation have obvious limitations such as high solvent volume requirements, multiprocessing steps and extended processing time. Thus, the objective of this study was to develop a single-step, solvent-free, continuous HME process for complexation of drug-IER. The screening study evaluated drug to IER ratio, types of IER and drug complexation methods. In the screening study, a potassium salt of a weakly acidic carboxylate-based cationic IER was found suitable for the HME method. Thereafter, optimization study was conducted by varying HME process parameters such as screw speed, extrusion temperature and drug to IER ratio. It was observed that extrusion temperature and drug to IER ratio are imperative in drug-IER complexation through HME. In summary, this study has established the feasibility of a continuous complexation method for drug to IER using HME for taste masking.

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