Stabilization of unilamellar catanionic vesicles induced by β-cyclodextrins: A strategy for a tunable drug delivery depot

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The limited stability of catanionic vesicles has discouraged their wide use for encapsulation and controlled release of active substances. Their structure can easily break down to form lamellar phases, micelles or rearrange into multilamellar vesicles, as a consequence of small changes in their composition. However, despite the limited stability, catanionic vesicles possess an attractive architecture, which is able to efficiently encapsulate both hydrophobic and hydrophilic molecules. Therefore, improving the stability of the vesicles, as well as the control on unilamellar structures, are prerequisites for their wider application range. This study focuses on the impact of β-cyclodextrins for the stabilization of SDS/CTAB catanionic vesicles. Molar ratio and sample preparation procedures have been investigated to evaluate the temperature stability of catanionic vesicles. Diffusion and spectroscopic techniques evidenced that when β-cyclodextrins are added, unilamellar structures are stabilized above the multilamellar-unilamellar vesicles critical temperature. The results evidence encouraging perspectives for the use of vesicular nanoreservoirs for drug depot applications.

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