PW 2015 Drowning disaster during rohingya migration in bangladesh in the 2017 year

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Abstract

Background

Globally drowning is commonly found all over the world, however, this is more prevalent and one of the main causes of injury deaths in South and South East Asian countries. Last few years, drowning among the migrants increased worldwide as a result of using water ways as route and became an increased public health concern globally. Bangladesh is bordering with Myanmar and since 25th of August 2017 over 500,000 Rohingya have fled to Bangladesh by crossing Naf river, which is located in between the border of two countries. Most of the people used a small fishing boat or Bamboo poles and empty jerry cans tied together with rope and covered with plastic sheet. In Bangladesh end, local people rescued Rohingya people without any rescue measures. As the Naf river connected with the Bay of Bengal so stormy weather also affected the fishing boat and caused drowning among the migrants.

Methods

All published national and international media news during 25th of August and 31 st October 2017 were searched using google search engine extracted for analysis. All duplicated news was removed and the most reliable one was considered for analysis. All media covered drowning news that was happened in Bangladesh part.

Results

Media covered seven mass drowning incidences that were happened in Naf river Bangladesh part. The number of fatal drowning victims in these incidents was ranging from 4 to 60 people. Altogether 167 fatal drowning cases were found during the massive human flow. Most of the victims were children, women, and old people. Fatal incidences in Myanmar part is still unknown.

Conclusion

Drowning among the migrants is high while they use water ways as a route of transport. Government as well as humanitarian organizations need to re-think about the preparation of preventing fatal drowning during massive inter-country migration.

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