PW 2877 Physical activity as constituent part of osteoporosis treatment

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Abstract

Many researchers indicate that lack of exercise is a major cause of chronic diseases including osteoporosis. Statistical data make it possible to realize the level problem on Azerbaijan Republic. Vulnerable persons number is close to 2 000 000. Densitometry is effective method for diagnostic of osteoporosis and osteopenia. We used methodic with ultrasound densitometry, which was helpful for primary risk group including decreasing of mineral density and disorders of bone architectonic.

Also treatment methodic included physical exercises and medical therapy. Physical exercises were prepared for all age groups. It consists coaching on exercises bikes and aerobics exercises. There was difference in intensity of exercises according to patient’s age. Exercises course continued 3 months. Main task was strengthening of vertebral column.

We used noninvasive ultrasound bones densitometer for diagnostic, screening and monitoring of osteopenia and osteoporosis. We have observed by densitometry 3 250 female patients (middle age 52, 6±1, 0 y.o.) trying to detect osteoporosis in postmenopausal syndrome stage on period from January 2009 till July 2017. There were 1 577 (48,5%) cases with osteoporosis and 1 088 (33,5%) cases with osteopenia. There weren’t pathological process in 585 ( 18,0%) cases.

Densitometry was interpreted by computer program which estimated status as osteoporosis, osteopenia or normal. Also we used medical therapy. Medical therapy includes hormonal therapy, Ca and bisphosphonates. Successful results of treatment demonstrated efficiency of method and importance of physical activity.

Primary diagnostic of osteoporosis and osteopenia gave possibility to detect risk group and start complex treatment. As result it was possible decrease clinical manifestation of osteoporosis and osteopenia to minimal level in limited period.

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