The histone deacetylase inhibitor panobinostat demonstrates marked synergy with conventional chemotherapeutic agents in human ovarian cancer cell lines

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Summary

Although platinum based therapy has improved short term survival of patients with metastatic ovarian cancer, the majority of patients continue to relapse and eventually die of their disease. Currently, a plethora of agents are in development, but how to combine them to enhance efficacy remains largely empiric. We have used short in vitro culture of defined cell lines with application of promising agents and analysis for cell death using a MTT assay to identify potentially useful combinations. Using median effect analysis, curve shift analysis and apoptosis assays, we can identify when agents are synergistic or antagonistic when applied together. Up to three agents can be studied in combination. Using three cell lines: SK-OV3, CaOV-3, and ES-2 (a clear cell tumor), we have identified that panobinostat (LBH-589), a broad histone deacetylase inhibitor in clinical trials, demonstrates global synergy with gemcitabine, with paclitaxel, and additive to synergistic effects with 5′DFUR. The triplet of panobinostat, doxorubicin, and carboplatin is especially synergistic in these cell lines. These effects are cytotoxic and not cytostatic. As all these agents are used clinically, we have identified combinations which warrant further investigation.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles