Transapical Valve-in-Valve-in-Ring for Stenotic Mitral Valve Repair

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A 53-year-old woman, previously treated with irradiation and chemotherapy for Hodgkin lymphoma, was referred for redo valve surgery. She had had a pacemaker implantation and undergone coronary bypass surgery, mitral valve repair with a Carpentier-Edwards 28-mm Physio-annuloplasty ring, as well as a mechanical tricuspid valve replacement and a transfemoral CoreValve 26-mm implantation. She had cardiac cachexia, pleura effusion, and a failed mitral valve repair with stenosis. She was judged inoperable for open surgery but suitable for a transapical valve-in-valve implantation on partial femorofemoral bypass. A 26-mm Edwards SAPIEN XT aortic valve inversely mounted on the Ascendra + delivery catheter was balloon expanded into the Physio ring. During expansion, the introducer sheath remained too deep into the left ventricle and rotated the SAPIEN valve upward to the left atrium, creating the onset of a new mitral regurgitation and retaining the stenosis. Another Edwards SAPIEN XT 26-mm valve was then positioned into the first valve in a “valve-in-valve-in-ring” tandem configuration. Both valves were supported by the Physio ring. The stenosis and the regurgitation were thereafter eliminated.

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