We aimed to assess the clinical outcome and graft patency after concomitant grafting of both postbifurcation internal thoracic artery (ITA) branches.Methods
Between 2007 and 2013, 17 patients (14 men; mean [SD] age, 60 [9.3] years) underwent skeletonized bifurcated ITA grafting. Respective targets were restricted to non–left anterior descending (LAD) area. In all patients, a complementary standard ITA was used to graft the LAD artery. Graft patency was assessed by standard coronary angiography or serial multidetector computed tomography.Results
Of the bifurcated conduits, 94% were right ITA. Respective right ITA target sets were first and second obtuse marginal arteries (M1-M2) (n = 12), ramus-M1 (n = 2), and distal right coronary artery–posterior descending artery (n = 2). Right ITAs were mobilized retroaortic (via the transverse sinus) in 14 patients (82%) (to circumflex artery targets). Circumflex artery targets comprised 88.2% of all anastomoses (30/34). There were no early mortalities, myocardial infarctions, or hypoperfusion syndromes. During median follow-up of 44 months (range, 3–63), there was no late mortality. Overall reintervention rate was 11.7%, and bifurcated ITA–related reintervention rate was 5.8%. At 5 years, freedom from major adverse cardiac or cerebrovascular event related to bifurcated ITA respective territory was 87% (Kaplan-Meier). Coronary imaging was achieved in 76% of the patients (elective multidetector computed tomography, n = 9; symptoms-directed coronary catheterization, n = 4). Bifurcation branch patency rate was 88.4% (23/26) at a median of 3.5 years.Conclusions
Grafting both postbifurcation ITA branches is technically feasible and may be selectively considered. Current observations are valid for skeletonized conduits and limited to non-LAD targets. These preliminary findings should be corroborated by larger data sets.