Ascending Aortic Endoballoon Occlusion Feasible Despite Moderately Enlarged Aorta to Facilitate Robotic Mitral Valve Surgery

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Abstract

Objective

Aortic occlusion with an endoballoon is a well-established technique to facilitate robotic and minimally invasive mitral valve surgery. Use of the endoballoon has several relative contraindications including ascending aortic dilatation greater than 38 mm in size. We sought to review our experience using the endoballoon in cases of totally endoscopic mitral valve surgery with aortic diameters greater than 38 mm.

Methods

A retrospective review of our single-site database was conducted to identify patients undergoing totally endoscopic mitral valve surgery by a single surgeon using an endoballoon and who had ascending aortic dilation. We defined aortic dilation as greater than 38 mm. Computed tomography was done preoperatively on all patients to evaluate the aortic anatomy as well as iliofemoral access vessels. Femoral artery cannulation was done in a standardized fashion to advance and position the endoballoon, to occlude the ascending aorta, and to deliver cardioplegia.

Results

From October 2011 through June 2015, 196 patients underwent totally endoscopic mitral valve surgery using an endoballoon at our institution. Twenty-two patients (11.2%) had ascending aortic diameters greater than 38 mm (range, 38.1–46.6 mm; mean, 40.5 ± 2.5 mm). In these cases, there were no instances of aortic dissection or other injury due to balloon rupture, balloon migration, device movement leading to loss of occlusion, or inability to complete planned surgery due to occlusion failure.

Conclusions

Our experience suggests that it is possible to successfully use endoaortic balloon occlusion in patients with ascending aortic dilation with proper preoperative imaging and planning.

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