Extrapleural Pneumonectomy for Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma: A Novel Mini-Invasive Technique

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Abstract

We report a novel less-invasive extrapleural pneumonectomy for early-stage malignant pleural mesothelioma without rib spreading. Our approach is unique and differed from the previously reported cases, because we used one skin incision and two small intercostal incisions with videothoracoscopic viewing without rib spreading. The pleural dissection and approach to the hilum for pneumonectomy were performed through a 4- to 5-cm port incision in the sixth intercostal space. Another 4- to 5-cm port was made in the eight intercostal space through the same skin incision and was used for diaphragm resection and reconstruction. At the end of the surgery, the skin incision was enlarged to 8 cm; through which and the first port in the sixth intercostal space, the resected specimen was retrieved. Three cycles of adjuvant chemotherapy followed by radiation therapy were administered. Eleven-month follow-up showed no recurrence.

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