The aim of the study was to comprehensively summarize the survival outcomes and complications of Impella 5.0 (Abiomed Inc, Danvers, MA USA) use in patients with cardiogenic shock (CS).Methods
We performed a literature review for relevant studies by searching in Medline, Medline In-Process, EMBASE, and the CENTRAL bibliographic databases on April 30, 2017. Nonoverlapping studies with 10 patients or more supported for cardiogenic shock with Impella 5.0 or Impella left direct were included. Data on patient characteristics, indication of support, and outcomes were extracted. A random effect was used to pool the various outcomes.Results
This meta-analysis included six studies totaling 163 patients (mean ± SD age = 56.3 ± 12.0, male 81%). Indications for support included 88 (54.0%) for acute on chronic decompensated heart failure, 35 (21.5%) for postcardiotomy cardiogenic shock, 27 (16.6%) for acute myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock, and, 13 (8.0%) for cardiogenic shock due to other reasons. Survival to next therapy was 73.5% in patients supported for acute on chronic decompensated heart failure. The survival to device explant among patients supported for postcardiotomy cardiogenic shock or acute myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock was 90.2%, and of those, myocardial recovery was achieved in 73.8%. The overall estimated survival to discharge, 30, 180, and 365 days was 73.5%, 72.6%, 62.7%, and 58.4%, respectively. Patients supported for postcardiotomy cardiogenic shock had the highest heart recovery among survivors to explant (92.1%) and highest survival at 30 (89.5%) and 365 days (69.5%).Conclusions
Impella 5.0/LD is associated with favorable survival outcomes and higher rate of myocardial recovery in patients with cardiogenic shock.