Diagnostic testing for the detection of feline retroviruses

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Abstract

Since the discovery of feline leukaemia virus (FeLV) in 1964 and feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) in 1986, knowledge of viral epidemiology and disease pathogenesis has developed greatly. Diagnostic tests demonstrating antigen, whole virus and the presence of virus-specific antibody titres have allowed the identification of retrovirus-infected cats. More recently, molecular testing methods have been developed for use in the diagnosis of FIV and FeLV. This article discusses the commercial diagnostic tests available for the detection of these viruses and outlines how such tests may be applied in clinical practice.

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