Contrast-to-Noise-Ratio Measurements in Three-Dimensional Magnetic Resonance Angiography

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The authors report on the development and preliminary validation of a technique for measuring contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) at all points along selected vessel segments in the original three-dimensional magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) dataset.


Contrast-to-noise ratio dependencies on flow rate, field of view, and flip angle were measured on images from a conventional time-of-flight MRA pulse sequence using constant flow in a branching vascular phantom. An estimate of the inherent variability of the technique was obtained from multiple scans of a flow phantom and a human volunteer.


The overall standard deviation (SD) of the CNR was found to be approximately 6.1 % of the average CNR value for the flow phantom study and 7.3% for the human study. Vessel CNR was found to increase with field of view and was found to become nonuniform for low flow rate and/or high flip angles.


In general, such CNR measurements allow the investigation of the mechanism of signal loss and general technique optimization in MRA.

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