Coronary Magnetic Resonance Angiography Using Magnetization-Prepared Contrast-Enhanced Breath-Hold Volume-Targeted Imaging (MPCE-VCATS)

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Abstract

Objectives:

Coronary artery x-ray angiography (XRA) is currently the gold standard for the assessment of coronary artery disease. A substantial minority of patients referred for coronary angiography have no significant coronary artery disease. The purpose of this study is to evaluate magnetization-prepared contrast-enhanced breath-hold volume-targeted imaging (MPCE-VCATS), a new 3-dimensional breath-hold coronary magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) technique, in detecting hemodynamically significant coronary artery stenoses in a patient population, with XRA correlation.

Materials and Methods:

A total of 19 subjects who were referred for conventional coronary angiography were enrolled in the study. ECG-triggered MPCE-VCATS coronary artery scans were acquired for the left main coronary artery (LCA), left anterior descending (LAD), and right coronary artery (RCA). Coronary MRA and XRA results were compared.

Results:

The overall sensitivity, accuracy, and negative predictive value for diagnosing any hemodynamically significant coronary artery disease (≥50% diameter reduction) was 91%, 80%, and 90%, respectively. The sensitivity of the technique in the LCA, LAD, and RCA was 100%, 100% and 78%, respectively. The negative predictive value of the technique was 100%, 100%, and 71%, respectively.

Discussion:

MPCE-VCATS is a promising technique for coronary artery imaging. It has a relatively high sensitivity as well as a high NPV. The results of the study may indicate a future role for the technique in obviating the need for some patients to undergo XRA.

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