Gene expression profiling of skin and draining lymph nodes of rats affected with cutaneous contact hypersensitivity

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Abstract

Objectives and design:

The present study aimed at a broad genome expression analysis of rat skin and draining lymph nodes affected with allergic contact dermatitis (ACD).

Methods:

ACD was elicited in sensitized SD rats with 0.5% 2,4-dinitrofluorobenzene on skin areas distant from the sensitization sites. Involved skin and lymph nodes were dissected 8 and 24 h after challenge. RNA was hybridized on Affymetrix GeneChips. Expression data were analyzed with the GeneSpring software.

Results:

Expression of 1,882 out of 8,799 examined genes in skin or lymph nodes was significantly (p ≤ 0.01) changed compared to levels in normal tissue. After an additional 2- fold filtering, four expression patterns were selected and interpreted. Prominently up-regulated genes were IL-6, CCR-5, CCL-2, CCL-3, CXCL-1, CXCL-10, TIMP-1, OX-40, calgranulin b, ST2, β-defensin, iNOS, STAT-1, MMP-3, MMP-9, MMP-12, and MMP-13.

Conclusions:

In addition to previously reported transcript changes, the present findings suggest/support that plasma cells, mast cells, and a specific IFN-γ pathway play a substantial role in the pathogenesis of ACD.

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