Inflammatory- and immune responses in relation to bacterial replication in mice following re-infections withChlamydophila pneumoniae

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Investigation of chronic infections with Chlamydophila pneumoniae.


BALB/c mice were repeatedly infected with C. pneumoniae and tested during a 1-year period. Production of histamine, IFN-γ, IL-6 and antibodies was monitored by ELISA. Live bacteria were cultured and DNA was detected by PCR. Cellular immunity was tested by ELISPOT.


After re-infections, culture positivity and persistence of DNA in lungs and blood were shorter. Detection of DNA at late time points indicated persistent infection in a few mice. Histamine was produced after primary and re-infections, and the level correlated with the number of viable bacteria in lung. IFN-γ, IL-6 levels, IgG2/IgG1 ratio, IgA titres, and level of chlamydial heat-shock protein antibodies were higher after re-infections. IgM antibodies were demonstrated even after re-infections. High number of IFN-γ-producing splenocytes was observed after the third inoculation.


These results promote an understanding of the patho- and immune mechanisms after C. pneumoniae re-infections.

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