Proposing indicators for the development of nursing care quality in Iran

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Abstract

Background

Nursing has come a long way in developing frameworks for the delivery of high-quality care; however, it is still grappling with identifying key performance indicators and defining the patient outcomes that are directly or indirectly affected by nurses.

Objective

The study aimed to determine performance quality indicators in nursing care based on the healthcare system in Iran.

Methods

A descriptive exploratory study was conducted and 220 nurses from seven provinces in Iran were selected by quota sampling. A questionnaire including 97 indicators in seven categories was developed to collect data and respondents were asked to rate each indicator for importance, scientific acceptability and feasibility of implementation.

Results

Of the initial 220 distributed questionnaires, 74% (n = 119) nurse managers and 26% (n = 42) expert nurses (total: n = 161) returned questionnaires (73% response rate). The mean scores for all categories showed that the most of the indicators were important and scientifically acceptable (mean > 2.40), but difficult to implement in hospitals (mean < 2.15). An analysis using ANOVA showed that there were no significant differences between seven categories for the ‘importance’ aspect, but there were significant differences between ‘time and quality of care’ and ‘job satisfaction’, for ‘scientific acceptability’ (P = 0.004) and significant differences between most of categories for ‘feasibility of implication’(P = 0.000).

Conclusion

The researchers have proposed the most significant nursing quality indicators for the clinical setting in Iran. These indicators would be useful for nurse managers as a first step to assess the quality of nursing care in hospitals.

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