Intraoperative Administration of Nitric Oxide

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Despite its therapeutic efficacy in various clinical scenarios in the intensive care unit setting, there are limited reports regarding the intraoperative applications of nitric oxide (NO). The authors present 2 pediatric patients to whom inhaled NO was administered intraoperatively. In one patient, NO was used to treat hypoxemia that developed after the institution of one-lung ventilation during thoracoscopic resection of a bronchiectatic section of lung. In the second patient, NO was used to alleviate pulmonary hypertension and cardiovascular dysfunction with pulmonary artery cross-clamping for placement of a modified Blalock-Taussig shunt. The potential intraoperative applications and techniques for the intraoperative delivery of NO are presented.

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