N-Terminal Pro-Brain Natriuretic Peptide Concentrations After Hypertensive Intracerebral Hemorrhage: Relationship With Hematoma Size, Hyponatremia, and Intracranial Pressure

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Introduction:The role of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) in patients with hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage (HICH) is poorly understood. This study aimed to investigate the secretion pattern of NT-proBNP in patients with HICH and to assess its relationship with hematoma size, hyponatremia, and intracranial pressure (ICP).Methods:This prospective study enrolled 147 isolated patients with HICH. Blood samples were obtained from each patient, and values of serum NT-proBNP, hematoma size, blood sodium, and ICP were collected for each patient.Results:The peak-to-mean concentration of NT-proBNP was 666.8 ± 355.1 pg/mL observed on day 4. The NT-proBNP levels in patients with hematoma volume >30 mL were significantly higher than those in patients with hematoma volume <30 mL (P < .05). In patients with severe HICH, the mean concentration of NT-proBNP was statistically higher than that in patients with mild–moderate HICH (P < .05), and the mean level of NT-proBNP in hyponatremia group was significantly higher than that in normonatremic group (P < .05). In addition, the linear regression analysis indicated that serum NT-proBNP concentrations were positively correlated with ICP (r = .703, P < .05) but negatively with blood sodium levels only in patients with severe HICH (r = −.704, P < .05). The serum NT-proBNP levels on day 4 after admission were positively correlated with hematoma size (r = .702, P < .05).Conclusion:The NT-proBNP concentrations were elevated progressively and markedly at least in the first 4 days after HICH and reached a peak level on the fourth day. The NT-proBNP levels on day 4 were positively correlated with hematoma size. There was a notable positive correlation between plasma NT-proBNP levels and ICP in patients with severe HICH. Furthermore, only in patients with severe HICH, the plasma NT-proBNP levels presented a significant correlation with hyponatremia, which did not occur in patients with mild–moderate HICH.

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