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Activating gene mutations, gene amplifications and overexpressed proteins may be useful as targets for novel therapies. Alterations at chromosome locus 4q12 are associated with gliomas and the region harbors the receptor tyrosine kinase geneKIT, which is frequently amplified in gliomas, and also overexpressed in a subset of gliomas. KIT and its ligand stem cell factor are widely expressed in embryonic and adult mouse brain, and they play a role in many signal transduction pathways involved in cellular proliferation, differentiation and cancer cell metastasis. However, the function of KIT in gliomagenesis or disease progression remains unresolved as well as its role in neural and brain tumor development. In this study, we utilized lentivirus-mediated gene transfer to deliver theKITgene into mouse astrocytes. The growth properties of KIT overexpressing cells were analyzed using severalin vitrofunctional assays. The effect of receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor imatinib on astrocyte growth was also investigated. Our results indicate that overexpression of KIT in mouse astrocytes promotes cell proliferation, and the increased proliferation is partly inhibited by imatinib treatment. Furthermore, KIT overexpression induces phenotypic changes in the cells suggesting that KIT may play a role in astrocyte growth regulation. © 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.