Correlation among pathology, genetic and epigenetic profiles, and clinical outcome in oligodendroglial tumors

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Recent studies have revealed a correlation between specific genetic changes, such as loss of chromosome 1p and 19q, and sensitivity of oligodendroglial neoplasm to radiotherapy and chemotherapy; epigenetic changes also play an important role in some tumors. In this retrospective study, we analyzed chromosomal alterations in 17 loci and promoter methylation status of 8 tumor-related genes in 49 oligodendroglial tumors (29 WHO grade II and 11 WHO grade III oligodendrogliomas; 7 WHO grade II and 2 WHO grade III oligoastrocytomas) using quantitative microsatellite analysis and methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction and correlated this information with clinical data. We also performed immunohistochemical stains for Ki-67 and O (6)-methyl guanine-DNA methyl transferase. Our results showed that the frequency of deletions in regions on 1p, 9p, 10q, 17p and 19q were 71.4%, 26.5%, 6.1%, 69.4% and 89.8%, respectively. Promoter methylation was detected inp14, p15, p16, p53, p73, PTEN, MGMTandRASSF1Agenes in 24.5%, 6.1%, 46.9%, 0%, 6.1%, 42.9%, 53.1% and 77.6% of tumors, respectively. Statistical analysis identified that 9p22 loss,p73methylation andp15methylation were independently associated with reduced overall survival, and Ki-67 labeling index (LI) ≥ 5%, 9p22 loss, no loss of 19q,p73methylation,p14methylation and unmethylatedMGMTpredicted shorter progression-free survival. Our findings suggest that the frequent deletion and hypermethylation of tumor-related genes may represent a mechanism of tumor development and progression and emphasize the importance of defining new molecular markers for predicting prognosis, tumor recurrence and therapeutic response in cancer management. © 2009 UICC

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