A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of clobetasol propionate 0.05% foam in the treatment of nonscalp psoriasis


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Abstract

BackgroundTopical corticosteroids are the primary treatment for mild to moderate psoriasis. Foam preparations of corticosteroids offer potential cosmetic and pharmacodynamic advantages over cream and ointment vehicles. A clobetasol propionate foam product is as effective as clobetasol propionate solution in the treatment of scalp psoriasis.AimTo evaluate the safety and efficacy of clobetasol propionate foam in the treatment of psoriasis involving sites other than the scalp.MethodsEighty-one subjects with mild to moderate psoriasis were randomized in a 3 : 1 ratio to receive clobetasol propionate foam vs. placebo foam treatment in this double-blind study of psoriasis involving nonscalp sites. The investigator's and subject's global assessment of the response at week 2 (or at the end of treatment) and at week 4 (follow-up) and the severity of erythema, scaling, and plaque thickness were assessed. Safety was assessed from reported adverse events.ResultsAfter 2 weeks of treatment, there was significantly greater improvement with clobetasol propionate foam compared with placebo foam in both investigator's and subject's global assessment of the response (P < 0.0005). The improvement with clobetasol propionate foam was still present at the 4-week follow-up visit. Adverse effects were generally limited to mild to moderate application site reactions. No subjects withdrew because of adverse events.ConclusionsClobetasol propionate foam is more effective than placebo in the treatment of nonscalp psoriasis. Twice-daily applications are well tolerated, compliance exceeds 90%, cosmetic characteristics are acceptable, and the medication may eliminate the need for separate scalp and body prescriptions.

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