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Arthropod bites and stings are capable of inflicting injury, inciting allergic reactions, and transmitting systemic disease. Members of the Hymenoptera order are of particular importance because they are nearly ubiquitous in nature, and their stings may cause life-threatening allergic reactions. Stings from bees, wasps, and ants produce a variety of clinical and histological manifestations. Anaphylaxis following an insect sting is the most serious complication. For individuals with a specific allergy to Hymenoptera venom, immunotherapy may be a relatively safe and effective treatment option.