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In this paper, we propose the discrete method of separation of variables for the numerical solutions of the composite material problems on a polygon. After a suitable transformation of coordinates, the original boundary value problem is reduced to a discontinuous coefficients problem on a semi-infinite strip. Then we get the semi-discrete approximation of the discontinuous coefficients problem which is equivalent to a boundary value problem of a system of ordinary differential equations (O.D.E's) with constant coefficients. After solving the boundary value problem of the system by a direct method, then the semi-discrete approximation of the original problem is obtained. Especially we can see that the semi-discrete approximation in form of separable variables naturally possesses the singularity of the original problem. Finally, the numerical examples show that our method is feasible and very effective for solving composite material problems numerically.