Metastatic Leiomyosarcoma of the Uterus With Heterologous Differentiation to Malignant Mesenchymoma

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid


Heterologous differentiation in metastatic leiomyosarcomas of uterine origin is an extremely rare phenomenon. We report a remarkable case of a metastatic leiomyosarcoma from the uterus with an unusual pattern of tumor progression to malignant mesenchymoma after chemotherapy. The patient, an 80-yr-old woman with a history of metastatic leiomyosarcoma of the uterus to the lungs, presented with a large intra-abdominal mass. Histologic examination of the intraperitoneal mass demonstrated a high-grade sarcoma containing various heterologous malignant mesenchymal elements including osteosarcoma, chondrosarcoma, a liposarcoma-like area, and osteoclast-like multinucleated giant cells. Only the identification of small areas of smooth muscle differentiation revealed the true nature of the tumor as a metastatic leiomyosarcoma with aberrant sarcomatous differentiation. This unique presentation emphasizes the importance of clinicopathologic correlation in the diagnosis of tumors with unusual histology.

    loading  Loading Related Articles