Skin permeation andex vivoskin metabolism ofO-acyl haloperidol ester prodrugs


    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Ethyl (HE), propyl (HP), butyl (HB), octyl (HO) and decyl (HD) O-acyl esters of haloperidol (HA) were evaluated for permeation across full-thickness human and guinea pig skin. The inclusion of 0.5 mg mL−1 cetrimide as a receptor phase solubilising agent did not significantly alter the barrier properties of the membranes. The permeation of the parent drug, HA, across guinea pig skin was found to be greater than that of its derivatives. Prodrug hydrolysis by cutaneous esterases was minimal. The permeation of HE, HP and HB across freshly excised guinea pig skin was subsequently investigated, however, prodrug hydrolysis remained low. Hydrolysis studies using a skin extract revealed only limited prodrug metabolism. However, in the presence of a liver extract, hydrolysis of all prodrugs was rapid. It was proposed that GGGX esterases, required for the hydrolysis of tertiary esters, were not present at a sufficiently high concentration within the skin for substantial prodrug hydrolysis to occur. This does not necessarily detract from the system as post-transdermal delivery liberation of HA in vivo is an equally useful mode for delivering this drug to the systemic circulation.

    loading  Loading Related Articles