Preparation and evaluation of nicotinic acid sustained-release pellets combined with immediate release simvastatin

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Graphical abstractThis study was performed to prepare high-dose nicotinic acid (NA) loaded sustained-release pellets coated with double polymer and simvastatin (SIM). The uncoated pellets were prepared by extrusion–spheronization and the double ethylcellucose (EC) films were coated in a bottom-spray fluidized bed coater. SIM was milled by wet grinding and then the milled suspension was layered on the coated pellets. Results showed that coated with 1.5% subcoating and 1% outer coating composed of EC and polyvinyl pyrrolidone K30 (PVPK30) in ratios of 5:1 and 2:1, NA release behavior was very similar to the reference (NER/S; SIMCOR, Abbott) in different media. And SIM was delivered more rapidly than that of the reference, while the SIM layer had no influence on NA release. During 6-month storage at 40 °C/75% RH, the two drugs exhibited stable dissolution behavior. It was observed that the content uniformity of SIM was provided by the present preparation and SIM was stable if adding light magnesium oxide in the grinding procedure. Results indicated it was possible to prepare high-dose sustained-release NA pellets combined with little-dose immediate release SIM by spraying double EC polymer and SIM milled suspension on NA pellets in a bottom-spray fluidized bed coater, respectively.

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