Beads made of cyclodextrin and oil for the oral delivery of lipophilic drugs: In vitro studies in simulated gastro-intestinal fluids

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The aim of this work was to investigate the stability in vitro, in simulated gastro-intestinal fluids, of beads, made of α-cyclodextrin and soybean oil, and to study the release of progesterone, a model of lipophilic drug. This was evaluated over time by the monitoring of the proportion of intact beads, their volume and the percentage of progesterone dissolved. Their incubation in the simulated gastric fluid provoked a moderate reduction of their number (20%) and a decrease of their volume (50%) after 55 min. Whatever the intestinal medium subsequently introduced, bead number and volume decreased more until bead disintegration that appeared faster in sodium taurocholate rich-medium. In such fluid, the amount of progesterone dissolved increased rapidly between 65 and 180 min, with both beads and emulsion to be equal after 85 min. With soft capsules, the increase was more gradual. In sodium taurocholate free-medium, more progesterone was dissolved from the emulsion than from beads or soft capsules. The release of progesterone from beads resulted from the erosion of their matrix and its partition equilibrium between oily micro-droplets and aqueous phase. The original structure of beads confers to this multiparticulate system interesting properties for the oral delivery of lipophilic drugs.

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