Investigation of formulation factors affecting in vitro and in vivo characteristics of a galantamine transdermal system

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Because of low treatment compliance with the Alzheimer disease patients, there have been clinical needs for the alternative administration route to effective and well-tolerated approaches of galantamine (Small and Dubois, 2007). In this study, drug-in-adhesive transdermal patches with galantamine were prepared and evaluated in vitro and in vivo. The in vitro permeation studies indicated that DT-2510 was the most suitable pressure-sensitive-adhesive and oleic acid was the most promising enhancer for galantamine drug-in-adhesive patch. The optimized galantamine drug-in-adhesive patch could be physicochemically stable for 28 days at 40 °C/75% RH. The in vivo studies of the optimized galantamine drug-in-adhesive patch showed high absolute bioavailability of around 80% and sustained effect on the drug plasma levels for 24 h. The in vitro and in vivo studies of galantamine drug-in-adhesive patches with different pressure-sensitive-adhesive functional groups showed a strong correlation between the skin permeation rate and the area under the curve. The results suggest that the transdermal application of galantamine drug-in-adhesive patches might be the alternative dosage form to have good efficacy and tolerability for the treatment of Alzheimer disease.

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