Mucoadhesive hybrid gel improves intraperitoneal platinum delivery


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Abstract

Graphical abstractIntraperitoneal cisplatin (CDDP) delivery with chitosan–alginate-CDDP hybrid gel system enhanced the accumulation of CDDP to gDNA from applied tissues.A leading cause of death and suffering in patients with abdominal or pelvic malignancies is progression of peritoneal surface disease. Changes in the use of chemotherapy have shown significant survival benefits for intraperitoneal or combined intraperitoneal and intravenous treatment following optimal surgical cytoreduction. However, broader clinical use of intraperitoneal therapy has not reached its full potential due to limited efficacy, accessibility and nonspecific toxicity. To overcome these problems, we developed a mucoadhesive hybrid gel (HG) for a local, intraperitoneal drug delivery. In vivo studies confirmed reliable adherence and residence of the gel to the peritoneal sidewall for at least 72 h exhibiting no signs of tissue toxicity. Functionally active CDDP was released from HG within 2 h and was equal to free CDDP in vitro. Moreover, intraperitoneal application of HG-CDDP significantly enhanced CDDP accumulation in the genomic DNA of peritoneal tissues compared to the same CDDP dose administered intravenously. These findings indicate the potential application of this hybrid gel as a mucoadhesive drug carrier amendable to use for intraperitoneal drug delivery and possible expansion for use on other mucosal surfaces of the female reproductive tract.

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