Characterization of basic amino acids-conjugated PAMAM dendrimers as gene carriers for human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells


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Abstract

Since mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can self-renew and differentiate into multiple cell types, the delivery of genes to this type of cell can be an important tool in the emerging field of tissue regeneration and engineering. However, development of more efficient and safe nonviral vectors for gene delivery to stem cells in particular still remains a great challenge. In this study, we describe a group of nonviral gene delivery vectors, conjugated PAMAM derivatives (PAMAM-H-R, PAMAM-H-K, and PAMAM-H-O), displaying affinity toward human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AD-MSCs). Transfection efficiency using pDNA encoding for luciferase (Luc) and enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP), and cytotoxicity assays were performed in human AD-MSCs. The results show that transfection efficiencies of conjugated PAMAM derivatives are improved significantly compared to native PAMAM dendrimer, and that among PAMAM derivatives, cytotoxicity of PAMAM-H-K and PAMAM-H-O were very low. Also, treatment of human AD-MSCs to polyplex formation in conjugated PAMAM derivatives, their cellular uptake and localization were analyzed by flow cytometry and confocal microscopy.Graphical abstract

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