Vancomycin loaded superparamagnetic MnFe2O4 nanoparticles coated with PEGylated chitosan to enhance antibacterial activity

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Increasing prevalence of antibiotic-resistant and failed-treatment make more investigations to deal with these problems. Hence new therapeutic approaches for effective treatment are necessary. Ferrite superparamagnetic nanoparticles have potentially antibacterial activity. In this study we prepared MnFe2O4 superparamagnetic nanoparticles as core by precipitation method and used chitosan crosslinked by glutaraldehyde as shell, then modified with PEG to increase stability of particles against RES. Chitosan coating not only improves the properties of ferrit nanoparticles but also has antibacterial activity. FT-IR confirmed this surface modification; XRD and SEM were developed to demonstrate particle size approximately 25 nm and characteristics of crystal structure of these nanoparticles. Magnetic properties of nanoparticles were evaluated by VSM. Actual drug loading and releasing were examined by UV–vis spectroscopy method. We employed liquid broth dilution method to assessment antibacterial activity of nanoparticles against microorganisms. Significant antibacterial effect against gram negative bacteria was developed.Graphical abstract

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