Investigation of imatinib loaded surface decorated biodegradable nanocarriers against glioblastoma cell lines: Intracellular uptake and cytotoxicity studies

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Graphical abstractOverexpression of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) efflux transporter in glioma cells thwarts the build-up of therapeutic concentration of drugs usually resulting into poor therapeutic outcome. To surmount aforesaid challenge, Imatinib (IMM) loaded Poly-lactide-co-glycolic acid nanoparticles (IMM-PLGA-NPs) were developed and optimized by Box Behnken Design as a new treatment stratagem in malignant glioma. Optimized NPs were functionalized with Pluronic® P84, P-gp inhibitor (IMM-PLGA-P84-NPs) which showed size, PDI, zeta potential, drug loading, 182.63 ± 13.56 nm, 0.196 ± 0.021, −15.2 ± 1.49 mV, 40.63 ± 2.04 μg/mg, respectively. Intracellular uptake study conducted on A172, U251MG and C6 glioma cells demonstrated significantly high uptake of IMM through NPs when compared with IMM solution (IMM-S), p < 0.001. IMM-PLGA-P84-NPs showed better uptake in P-gp expressing cell line (U251MG and C6) while uncoated NPs showed higher uptake in non-P-gp expressing cell line (A-172). Cytotoxicity studies demonstrated significantly low IC50 for both IMM-PLGA-NPs and IMM-PLGA-P84-NPs when compared with IC50 of IMM-S. IMM-PLGA-P84-NPs showed a significantly low IC50 against P-gp overexpressing cell lines when compared with IC50 of IMM-PLGA-NPs. In contrary, IMM-PLGA-NPs showed lower IC50 against non P-gp expressing cell line. This study demonstrated the feasibility of targeting surface decorated NPs to multidrug resistant gliomas. However, to address its clinical utility extensive in vivo studies are required.

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